Tree pruning and trimming are an essential part of the tree-maintenance regime which aids the healthy growth of trees. With a large number of trimming and pruning methods available, it is easier to upkeep the excellent shape of your trees. But you must have sufficient knowledge of the right tools and equipment required for the efficient tree trimming and pruning. Here are some general trimming tips which lead to efficient trimming and pruning: Wait for the dormant season to prune or trim the tree. It is the best time as the branches are highly visible, and it is relatively easier to prune. Pick up carefully the weal, narrow angles and V-shaped branches. U-shaped branches are considered healthy. Avoid strong branches.

Choose the young branches as these are easy to prune. Not just these are easier to manage but also the chances of leaving any scar upon pruning are lesser. Consider the size of the branch. Any branch above 10 centimetres should be avoided unless it is crucial to remove it. A branch of less than 5 cm can be pruned easily.  Adopt a three-cut technique for the long branches. The first cut should be at the side of the stem, which should be away from the retained branch. The second cut should be above the branch ridge and inside the branch crotch. The third cut should be parallel to the branch bank ridge to remove the stub. Always look for the branch collar first, which is responsible for producing the cells which help in healing the trees from pruning. To avoid any injury to the branch collar, always mark an outside cut to the branch ridge

Here are some of the trimming techniques for a tree:

Crown reduction

  • For the branches which required to remove more than half of the foliage, it is judicial to remove the whole branch.
  • Reduce the crown only if necessary. All the lateral branches, which are one-third of the stem’s diameter, should be pruned.

Crown thinning

  • Never remove more than 25% of the existing crown as it affects the growth of tree adversely.
  • The space between the lateral branches should be even
  • All the branches which are crossing the other branches or running against them should be pruned first.
  • If you are required to prune more than 25% of the crown, it is judicial to spread it over the years.

Crown Raising

This technique is used to give clearance to the pedestrians by pruning the branches which are closer to the ground.  Most of the branches are maintained above the 2/3 of the tree’s height If too many branches are removed from the bottom, the tree may develop a weak stem.  It is advised to never prune or trim the tree without any good reason. Avoid pruning the newly planted trees unless you need to remove a dead part. The main aim of pruning or trimming of a tree should be enhancing its aesthetics or aiding to its health.

  1. Reply Angela Waterford December 12, 2019 at 12:58 pm

    I suppose it’s time I take a good look at my oak tree and see which parts need to be trimmed off. As you’ve mentioned, it aids in the healthy growth of a tree, so having it professionally done might be better for it since I don’t know how to do that. My oak tree looks really misshapen because of the overgrowth of branches that are starting to reach the second-floor window of my house, so having it trimmed might make it look better.

  2. Reply Bryan Smith February 6, 2020 at 5:00 am

    Great tips!! And I was looking for this guide since many days, final I am happy I came across the article which well explains the techniques on how trimming and pruning can be done. I am definitely bookmarking this article as it will be of great use when I am planning to trim or prune the trees.

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